What is a Plate Bearing Test?  

The Plate Bearing Test (PBT) BS1377-9 is carried out in the field to determine the maximum bearing capacity of the soil and rocks underneath your area of work. 

If your project has a shallow foundation or traffic surface, your design engineers will need to know the bearing capacity of the soil underneath. This will let them know if the ground is likely to take the anticipated load of a temporary or permanent structure. Your test results can then be used by your design team as a design parameter or to confirm the design assumption. 

How is a Plate Bearing Test Carried Out? 

Step 1: Our experienced field engineers will travel to your site and either carry out the test at foundation level or by digging out a shallow pit to the desired depth.  

Step 2: They select a suitable machine (e.g. a JCB, forklift or other construction plant) as a reaction load to provide the load and stresses they need. 

Step 3: The loading plate is placed on the ground or in the pit and connected to the reaction load with a load cell. This converts the force exerted and turns it into a measurable electrical output. 

Step 4: A hydraulic jack is then used to load the steel plate onto the test area. 

Step 5: Our engineer records the settlement that corresponds to each load increment. 

Step 6: Your results will be available on the same or next working day, depending on when the test is performed. 

Core boring concrete

What Plate Size Do You Need? 

The size of plate used in a Plate Bearing Test is dependant on the type of material being tested. Before the engineer visits the site, they will have a quick discussion with you to make sure all your requirements are met on the day. Plates come in a variety of sizes ranging from 300 mm – 720 mm in diameter and the one you need will depend on the following factors: 

  • Thickness of material being tested
  • Particle size of material being tested
  • Zone of Influence depth needed 

If you have any questions or are unsure if your construction plant is heavy enough to provide the reaction load needed, our friendly experts will make sure all your concerns are smoothed out prior to the test. This will help us achieve a more rapid service and ensures you receive your results as quickly as possible. 

What’s in a Plant Bearing Test Report? 

The PBT report will be presented as a logarithmic, load-settlement graph with the load applied plotted on the X-axis and the settlement results plotted on the Y-axis. Using mathematical formulae we can calculate: 

  • The ultimate load for the plate
  • The ultimate bearing capacity of soil at a certain depth
  • The safe bearing capacity of the soil from the area tested 

After you receive the report, if you have any queries about your test results, please don’t hesitate to contact one of our team, who will be more than happy to answer any questions you may have. 

If you would like to book a PBT test or discuss your site requirements, you can find details on how to get in touch by visiting our contact page